Owl Editing

Owl Editing

Tips for writers

Posts filed under writing

Reducing bias in writing-5

Age should be reported as part of the description of participants in the Method section. Be specific in providing age ranges; avoid open-ended definitions such as “under 18 years” or “over 65 years.” Girl and boy are correct terms for referring to individuals under the age of 12 years. Young man and young woman and… (read more)

Reducing bias in writing-4

Write about the people in your study in a way that acknowledges their participation but is also consistent with the traditions of the field in which you are working. Thus, although descriptive terms such as college students, children, or respondents provide precise information about the individuals taking part in a research project, the more general… (read more)

Thanking you in advance

This sounds as if the writer meant, “It will not be worth my while to write to you again.” Simply write, “Thanking you,” and if the favor which you have requested is granted, write a letter of acknowledgment.   from: Strunk, William, Jr. (1999). The Elements of Style, New York Section V. Words and Expressions… (read more)

Reducing bias in writing-3

From the APA Publication Manual (6th ed) (2010): Bias may be promoted when the writer uses one group (often the writer’s own group) as the standard against which others are judged, for example, citizens of the United States. In some contexts, the term culturally deprived may imply that one culture is the universally accepted standard…. (read more)

Order of pages in a thesis

For traditional theses/dissertations, a suggested format for the order of appearance of pages would be: Prefatory Pages Title page Approval page Dedication (optional) Acknowledgements (optional) Abstract Preface (optional) Table of Contents List of Tables List of Figures and Illustrations List of Symbols or Abbreviations (if any)   Body of Text Chapter 1. Significance of the… (read more)

How to reference personal communications

Personal communications may be private letters, memos, some electronic communications (e.g., email or messages from nonarchived discussion groups or electronic bulletin boards), personal interviews, telephone conversations, etc. Because they do not provide recoverable data, personnel communications are NOT included in the List of References at the end of your research paper. Cite any personal communications… (read more)

Reducing bias in writing-2

From the APA Publication Manual (6th ed) (2010): Recognize the difference between “case,” which is an occurrence of a disorder or illness, and “patient,” which is a person affected by the disorder or illness and receiving a doctor’s care. “Manic-depressive cases were treated” is problematic; revise to “The patients with bipolar disorders were treated.” (from… (read more)

Reducing bias in writing-1

From the APA Publication Manual (6th ed) (2010): Respect people’s preferences; call people what they prefer to be called. Accept that preferences change with time and that individuals within groups often disagree about the designations they prefer. Make an effort to determine what is appropriate for your situation; you may need to ask your participants… (read more)

One space or two at the end of a sentence?

One.     Space Invaders – Slate.com Sentence Spacing – Wikipedia APA Publication Manual 6th edition: Spacing (4.01). Using two spaces after periods ending sentences aids readers of manuscript drafts. Nothing Says Over 40 Like Two Spaces after a Period! Unless you are typing on an actual typewriter, you no longer have to put two… (read more)

APA page margins

Set uniform margins of at least 1 in. (2.54 cm) on the top, bottom, left, and right of every page. Use your word-processing software to add a header that will appear at the top of every page that includes the running head and the page number. The header appears within the top margin, not below… (read more)