||An idea associated with a word or phrase.|
||The explicit meaning of a word|
||Exaggeration used for effect.
"tons of money", "a million thanks,"|
||What do you see in the poem?
- Whirl up sea --
whirl your pointed pines
(the image of a forest of pine trees swaying back and forth
like the cresting waves of a stormy sea.)
One thing is said, but the opposite meaning is intended.|
||A comparison without "like" or "as":
- Where were the greenhouses going,
Lunging into the lashing
Wind driving water
So far down the river
All the faucets stopped?
||A person or thing is not named directly,
but by some associated thing.
- The prisoner addressed the bench.
||Ideas, or elements that recur throughout the poem.|
||Words with opposite meanings.
||Old New York
||A statement, which at first, seems contradictory or absurd.|
||Human qualities are attributed to an animal, object, or idea:
- I am silver and exact.
I have no preconceptions.
Whatever I see I swallow immediately
Just as it is, unmisted by love or dislike.
I am not cruel, only truthful--
||Words with a double meaning.
A bear walks into a bar and says:
"How about a gin and.............................. tonic?
The bartender asks: "What's with the big pause?"
The bear replies: "Just born with them, I guess."
A word or phrase is used more than once for emphasis.
- See the flags; snow-white tent,
See the bear and elephant,
See the monkey jump the rope,
Listen to the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope!
||A comparison using "like" or "as".
- her lower lip
was like an orange
i was a crying
in the candy store.
||A part represents the whole:
A fleet of a hundred sail.|
||Something that stands for something else.
(Myths & Legends)|